72. Jiang, S., Guan, M., Wu, J., Fang, G., Xu, X., Jin, D., Liu, Z., Shi, K., Bai, F., Wang, S. and Xi, P., 2020. Frequency-domain diagonal extension imaging. Advanced Photonics, 2(3), p.036005.

71. Li, M., Li, Y., Liu, W., Lal, A., Jiang, S., Jin, D., ... & Xi, P.. Structured illumination microscopy using digital micro-mirror device and coherent light source. Applied Physics Letters, 116(23), 233702 (2020).

70. H. Yang, S. Zhang, P. Liu, L. Cheng, F. Tong, H. Liu, S. Wang, M. Liu, C. Wang, Y. Peng, F. Xie, B. Zhou, Y. Cao, J. Guo, Y. Zhang, Y. Ma, D. Shen, P. Xi, S. Wang*, “Use of High-Resolution Full-Field Optical Coherence Tomography and Dynamic Cell Imaging for Rapid Intraoperative Diagnosis During Breast Cancer Surgery”, Cancer (2020) DOI: 10.1002/cncr.32838.

69. C. Hu, Z. Wu, X. Yang, W. Zhao, C. Ma, M. Chen, P. Xi*, H. Chen*, “MUTE-SIM: multiphoton up-conversion time-encoded structured illumination microscopy”, OSA Continuum 3(3), 594-608 (2020)


68. C. He, J. Chang, Q. Hu, J. Wang, J. Antonello, H. He, S. Liu, J. Lin, B. Dai, D.S. Elson, P. Xi, H. Ma, M. Booth, “Complex vectorial optics through gradient index lens cascades”. Nature Communications 10(1) 4264 (2019).

67. Xiaoxia Wu, Jie Shu, Bo Feng, Lingyan Yang, Jinze Lan, Fan Li, Peng Xi*, Fu Wang*, "One-step synthesis of novel phosphorus nitride dots for two-photon imaging in living cells." Chemical Communications 55(32): 4719-4722(2019).

66. L. Chen, M. Wang, X. Zhang, M. Zhang, Y. Hu, Z. Shi, P. Xi*, J. Gao*, “Group-sparsity-based super-resolution dipole orientation mapping (GS-SDOM),” IEEE Transactions on medical imaging 38, 2687-2694 (2019).

65. K. Zhanghao, X. Chen, M. Li, Y. Liu, W. Liu, S. Luo, X. Wang, K. Zhao, A. Lai, C. Shan, H. Xie, Y. Zhang, X. Li, Q. Dai, and P. Xi*, “Super-resolution Imaging of Fluorescent Dipoles by Polarized Structured Illumination Microscopy,” Nature Communications 10, 4694 (2019).

64. H. Xie, Y. Zhang, L. Kong, P. Xi, Q. Dai, “Schlieren two-photon microscopy for phase-contrast imaging,” Applied Optics 58(5), A26-A31 (2019)


63. J. Zhou, M. Li, B. Liu, Z. Wu, J. Zhang, X. Zhang, M. Chang, P. Xi*, S. J. Leavesley, and J. Paul Robinson*, “Side-port Endoscopic Imaging System with Macroscopic and Microscopic Field of View,” Journal of Imaging Science and Technology 62, 060503 (2018).

62. Ma, T., Chen, L., Shi, M., Niu, J., Zhang, X., Yang, X., Zhanghao, K., Wang, M., Xi, P., Jin, D. and Zhang, M., “Developing novel methods to image and visualize 3D genomes”, Cell biology and toxicology, 34(5) 267-380 (2018).

61. M. Wang, M. Chen, K.  Zhanghao, X. Zhang, Z. Jing, J. Gao, P. Xi*, Z. Dai*, Q. Dai*, Polarization-based super-resolution imaging of surface-enhanced raman scattering nanoparticles with orientational information. Nanoscale doi: 10.1039/c8nr04808h (2018)

60. C. Chen, F. Wang*, S. Wen, Q. P. Su, M. C. Wu, Y. Liu, I. Aharonovich, M. Toth, S. P. Jackson, P. Xi, D. Jin*, “Multi-photon near-infrared emission saturation nanoscopy using upconversion nanoparticles”, Nature Communications, 9(1), 3290 (2018).

59. Z. Zeng, J. Ma, P. Xi, C. Xu*. "Joint tagging assisted fluctuation nanoscopy enables fast high-density super--resolution imaging." Journal of biophotonics e201800020 (2018).

58. A. Lal, C. Shan, K. Zhao, W. Liu, X. Huang, W. Zong, L. Chen, P. Xi*, A frequency domain SIM reconstruction algorithm using reduced number of images. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 27(9), 4555-4570 (2018).

57. Xiaoshuai Huang, Junchao Fan, Liuju Li, Haosen Liu, Runlong Wu, Yi Wu, Lisi Wei, Heng Mao, Amit Lal, Peng Xi, Liqiang Tang, Yunfeng Zhang, Yanmei Liu, Shan Tan, Liangyi Chen Fast, long-term, super-resolution imaging with Hessian structured illumination microscopy. Nature Biotechnology, 36(5), 451 (2018).

56. D. Jin*, P. Xi*, B. Wang, L. Zhang, J. Enderlein*, A. M. Oijen*, “Nanoparticles for super-resolution microscopy and single-molecule tracking”, Nature Methods, 15, 415-423 (2018).

55. K. Zhanghao, J. Gao, D. Jin, X. Zhang*, P. Xi*, “Super-resolution fluorescence polarization microscopy”, Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences, 11(1), 1730002 (2018).


54. Z. Zeng, H. Xie, L. Chen, K. Zhanghao, X. Yang, P. Xi*, “Computational methods in super-resolution microscopy”, Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 18(9): 1222-1235 (2017).

53. Y. Liu, Y. Lu*, X. Yang, X. Zheng, S. Wen, F. Wang, X. Vidal, T. Zhao, D. Liu, Z. Zhou, C. Ma, J. Zhou, J. Piper, P. Xi*, and D. Jin*, “Amplified stimulated emission in upconversion nanoparticles for super resolution nanoscopy,” Nature 543, 229–233 (2017).

52. X. Chen, R. Li, Z. Liu, K. Sun, Z. Sun, D. Chen, G. Xu, P. Xi*, C. Wu*, Y. Sun*. Multicolor super-resolution fluorescence microscopy with blue and carmine small photoblinking polymer dots. ACS Nano, 56(11), 6362 (2017).

51. X. Chen, R. Li, Z. Liu, K. Sun, Z. Sun, D. Chen, G. Xu, P. Xi*, C. Wu*, Y. Sun*. “Small Photoblinking Semiconductor Polymer Dots for Fluorescence Nanoscopy”, Advanced Materials (2017).


50. K. Zhanghao, L. Chen, X. Yang, M. Wang, Z. Jing, H. Han, M. Q. Zhang, D. Jin*, J. Gao*, P. Xi*, “Super-resolution with dipole orientation mapping”, Light: Science and Applications (2016). [2015 Impact factor:14.603]

This paper has been highlighted by Nature Methods.

49. Z. Zeng, P. Xi*, “Advances in three-dimensional super-resolution nanoscopy”, Microscopy Research and Technique, doi: 10.1002/jemt.22719 (2016).

48. X. Yang, K. Zhanghao, H. Wang, Y. Liu, F. Wang, X. Zhang, K. Shi, J. Gao, D. Jin, P. Xi*, “Versatile application of fluorescent quantum dot labels in super-resolution fluorescence microscopy”, ACS Photonics, doi: 10.1021/acsphotonics.6b00178 (2016).

47. X. Chen, Z. Zeng, R. Li, B. Xue, P. Xi*, Y. Sun*, Superior performance with sCMOS over EMCCD in super-resolution optical fluctuation imaging. Journal of Biomedical Optics, 21(6), 066007 (2016).

46. J. Gao, X. Yang, M. N. Djekidel, Y. Wang, P. Xi, M. Q. Zhang, "Developing bioimaging and quantitative methods to study 3D genome." Quantitative Biology 4(2) 129-147 (2016).

45. X. Chen, W. Zong, R. Li, Z. Zeng, J. Zhao, P. Xi, L. Chen, Y. Sun, “Two-photon light-sheet nanoscopy by fluorescence fluctuation correlation analysis”, Nanoscale 8, 9982-9987 (2016). [2015 Impact factor:7.394]

44. X. Yang, H. Xie, E. Alonas, Y. Liu, X. Chen, Q. Ren, P. J. Santangelo, P. Xi*, and D. Jin, “Mirror enhanced axial narrowing super-resolution microscopy”, Light: Science and Applications doi:10.1038/lsa.2016.134 (2016). [2015 Impact factor:14.603]

This paper has been highlighted by Nature Photonics.

43. A. Lal, C. Shan, P. Xi*, “Structured illumination microscopy image reconstruction algorithm”, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2016.2521542 (2016) [2016 Impact factor: 3.971]

42. X. Chen, M. Wei, M. M. Zheng, J. Zhao, H. Hao, L. Chang, P. Xi, Y. Sun, “Study of RNA Polymerase II Clustering inside Live-Cell Nuclei Using Bayesian Nanoscopy”, ACS Nano 10 (2), pp 2447–2454 (2016) [2015 Impact factor: 12.881]



41. W. Yu, Z. Ji, D. Dong, X. Yang, Y. Xiao, Q. Gong, P. Xi*, K. Shi*, “Super-resolution deep imaging with hollow Bessel beam STED microscopy”, Laser Photonics Reviews (2015) doi: 10.1002/lpor.201500151 [2014 Impact factor: 8.008].

40. X. Zhang, X. Chen, Z. Zeng, M. Zhang, Y. Sun, P. Xi*, J. Peng*, and P. Xu*, “Development of a reversibly switchable protein for super-resolution optical fluctuation imaging”, ACS Nano, 9(3) 2659-2667 (2015). [2014 Impact factor: 12.033]

39. X. Chen, Z. Zeng, H. Wang, and P. Xi*, "Three dimensional multimodal sub-diffraction imaging with spinning-disk confocal microscopy using blinking/fluctuation probes," Nano Research, doi: 10.1007/s12274-015-0736-8 (2015). [2014 Impact factor 7.08]

38. Z. Zeng, X. Chen, H. Wang, N. Huang, C. Shan, H. Zhang, J. Teng, P. Xi*, "Fast Super-Resolution Imaging with Ultra-High Labeling Density Achieved by Joint Tagging Super-Resolution Optical Fluctuation Imaging," Scientific Reports 5, 8359 (2015). [2014 Impact factor 5.408]



37. H. Wang, H. Sun, H. Wei, P. Xi, S. Nie, Q. Ren, “Biocompatible hyaluronic acid polymer-coated quantum dots for CD44+ cancer cell-targeted imaging”, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 2014, 16(10): 1-13. [2014 Impact factor 2.278]

36. P. Lv, Y. Xue, H. Liu, Y. Shi, P. Xi, H. Lin, H. Duan, "Symmetric and Asymmetric Meniscus Collapse in Wetting Transition", Langmuir, (2014). DOI: 10.1021/la503465q. [2014 Impact factor 4.384]

35.  X. Chen and P. Xi*, "Hundred-thousand light holes push nanoscopy to go parallel," Microscopy Research and Technique, 78(1), 8-10, 2014.

34.  C. Dai, S. Fan, X. Chai, Y. Li, Q. Ren, P. Xi*, and C. Zhou*, Dual channel SD-OCT system based on 3×3 fiber coupler for extended imaging range, Applied Optics 53(24) 5375-5379, (2014).

33.  N. Liu, C. Dai, Y. Tang, P. Xi*, “Virtual-OCT: A simulated optical coherence tomography instrument”, Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences, 8(1) 1450030, (2014).

32.  X. Yang, Y.-K. Tzeng, Z. Zhu, Z. Huang, X. Chen, Y. Liu, H.-C. Chang, L. Huang, W.-D. Li, and P. Xi*, "Sub-diffraction imaging of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond by stimulated emission depletion and structured illumination," RSC Advances 4, 11305–11310, (2014). [SCI IF 3.708]

31.  H. Xie, D. Jin, J. Yu, T. Peng, Y. Ding, C. Zhou, P. Xi*, “Schlieren confocal microscopy for phase-relief imaging”, Opt. Lett., 39(5), 1238-1241, (2014).

30.  Y. Lu, J. Zhao, R. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Liu, E. M. Goldys, X. Yang, P. Xi, A. Sunna, J. Lu, Y. Shi, R. C. Leif, Y. Huo, J. Shen, J. A. Piper, J. P. Robinson, and D. Jin, "Tunable lifetime multiplexing using luminescent nanocrystals," Nature Photonics 8, 32-36 (2014). (SCI IF = 27.254)


29. J. Zhao, D. Jin, E. P. Schartner, Y. Lu, Y. Liu, A. V. Zvyagin, L. Zhang, J. M. Dawes, P. Xi, J. A. Piper, E. M. Goldys, and T. M. Monro, “Single nanocrystal sensitivity achieved by enhanced upconversion ” Nature Nanotechnology 8(10),  729-734 (2013) doi:10.1038/nnano.2013.171. (SCI IF=31.170)

28. H. Xie, Y. Liu, P. J. Santangelo, D. Jin, and P. Xi*, “Analytical description of high-aperture STED resolution with 0-2pi vortex phase modulation,” JOSA A 30, 1640-1645 (2013).

27. Y. Ding, Y. Zhang, T. Peng, Y. Lu, D. Jin, Y. Liu, J. Han*, P. Xi*, “Observation of mesenteric microcirculatory disturbance in rat by laser oblique scanning optical microscopy”, Scientific Reports 3:1762, 2013 (DOI: 10.1038/srep01762)


26. Y. Lu, P. Xi, J. A. Piper, Y., and D. Jin, “Time-Gated Orthogonal Scanning Automated Microscopy (OSAM) for High-speed Cell Detection and Analysis”, Scientific Reports 2: 837 (2012) doi:10.1038/srep00837.

25. Y. Liu, Y. Ding, E. Alonas, W. Zhao, P. J. Santangelo, D. Jin, J. A. Piper,J. Teng, Q. Ren, P. Xi*, “Achieving λ/10 Resolution CW STED Nanoscopy with a Ti:Sapphire Oscillator” , PLoS ONE 7(6) e40003, 2012. 

24. Y. Ding, H. Xie, T. Peng, Y. Lu, D. Jin, J. Teng, Q. Ren, P. Xi*, “Laser Obique Scanning Optical Microscopy (LOSOM) for Phase Relief Imaging” Optics Express, 20 (13), 14100-14108 (2012). [Impact Factor 3.75]

23. T. Peng, H. Xie, Y. Ding, W. Wang, Z. Li, D. Jin, Y. Tang, Q. Ren, P. Xi*, “CRAFT: multimodality confocal skin imaging for early cancer diagnosis”, Journal of Biophotonics 5(5-6), 469-476 (2012) (SCI IF=4.24).


22. H. Wang, X. Xu, X. Li, P. Xi*, Q. Ren, “Systematic design of a cross-polarized dermoscope for visual inspection and digital imaging”, IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Magazine, 14(6)26-31 (2011).

21. Y. Ding, P. Xi*, Q. Ren, “Hacking the optical diffraction limit: Review on recent developments of fluorescence nanoscopy”, Chinese Science Bulletin, 56(18) 1857-1876 (2011).

20. P. Xi, K. Mei, T. Braeuler, C. Zhou, Q. Ren, “Evaluation of Spectrometric Parameters in Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography”, Applied Optics 50(3), 366-372 (2011).


19. W. Wang, Y. Liu, P. Xi*, Q. Ren, “Origin and effect of high-order dispersion in ultrashort pulse multiphoton microscopy in 10 femtosecond regime”, Applied Optics 49(35), 6703-6709 (2010).Cover paper.

18. S. Chen, X. Feng, Y. Li, C. Zhou, P. Xi*, Q. Ren, “Software controlling algorithms for the system performance optimization of confocal laser scanning microscope”, Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, 5(3) 223-228 (2010).

17. Z. Li, P. Huang, X. Zhang, J. Lin, S. Yang, B. Liu, F. Gao, P. Xi, Q. Ren and D. Cui, “RGD-Conjugated Dendrimer-Modified Gold Nanorods for in Vivo Tumor Targeting and Photothermal Therapy”,. Molecular Pharmaceutics, 7(1) 94-104 (2010). [SCI IF=5.408].

16. Z. Li, P. Huang, X. Zhang, J. Lin, R. He, B. Liu, X. Zhang, S. Yang, P. Xi, X. Zhang, Q. Ren and D. Cui,  “Arginine-Glycine-Aspartic Acid-Conjugated Dendrimer-Modified QuantumDots for Targeting and Imaging Melanoma”,  Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 10(8), 4859-4867 (2010)


15. Y. Shang, Z. Wang, Y. Pang, P. Xi*, Q. Ren*, “The role of mast cells in non-ablative laser resurfacing with 1,320 nm neodymium:yttrium– aluminium –garnet laser”, Lasers in Medical Science 25(3) 371-377 (2009).

14. M. Jiang, C. Zhou, W. Wang, P. Xi, Q. Ren, “Comparative analysis of Zernike aberrations generation with deformable mirrors for ocular adaptive optics”, J. Modern Optics, 56(16) 1741-1746 (2009).

13. P. Xi, Y. Andegeko, D. Pestov, V. V. Lozovoy, M. Dantus, “ Two-photon imaging using adaptive phase compensated ultrashort laser pulses”, Journal of Biomedical Optics 14(1) 014002, (2009).


12. P. Xi, Y. Andegeko, L. R. Weisel, V. V. Lozovoy, M. Dantus, “Greater signal, increased depth, and less photobleaching in two-photon microscopy with 10 femtosecond pulses”, Optics Communications 281(4), 1841-1849 (2008). [SCI IF=1.314]

11. P. Xi, B. Rajwa, J. Jones, J. P. Robinson, “The design and construction of a cost-efficient confocal microscope”, American J. Physics, 75(3), 203-207 (2007). 

10. Y. Wu, P. Xi, J. Qu, et al., “Depth-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy of normal and dysplastic cervical tissue,” Optics Express, 13 (2), 382-388 (2005)

9. Y. Wu, P. Xi, J. Y. Qu, T. Cheung, and M. Yu, “Depth-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy reveals layered structure of tissue,” Opt. Express 12(14), 3218-3223, 2004.

8. E. Dai, P. Xi, C. Zhou, L. Liu, “Multifunctional double-layered diffractive optical element”, Opt. Lett., 28(17), 1513-1515, 2003.  

7. P. Xi, C. Zhou, E. Dai, L. Liu, “Generation of near field hexagonal array illumination”, Opt. Lett., 27(4), 228-230, 2002.

6. P. Xi, C. Zhou, E. Dai, L. Liu, “A novel method for ultrashort laser pulse-width measurement based on self-diffractive effect”, Opt. Express, 10(20), 1099-1104, 2002.

5. P. Xi, C. Zhou, S. Zhao, L. Liu, “Phase contrast hexagonal array illumination”, Opt. Comm., 192(3~6) 193-197, 2001. [SCI IF=1.314, Cited: 3]

4. C. Zhou, P. Xi, S. Zhao, L. Liu, “Simple equations for pi-phase-modulated Talbot illuminator”, Microwave & Optical Technology Letters, 29(1), 49-52, (2001). 

3. S. Zhao, C. Zhou, P. Xi, H. Wang, L. Liu “Number of phase levels in a two-dimensional separable Talbot array illuminator”, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 2001, 18(1): 103~107 

2. C. Zhou, H. Wang, S. Zhao, P. Xi, L. Liu, “Number of Phase Levels of a Talbot Array Illuminator”, Appl. Opt., 40(5), 607-613, 2001. [SCI IF=1.701,Cited: 14]

1. H. Wang, C. Zhou, S. Zhao, P. Xi, and L. Liu, “The temporal Fresnel diffractive field of a grating illuminated by an ultrashort pulsed-laser beam”, J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 159-163 (2001). 

Journal Publications


Peking University

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